When looking for the right product for your face your skin type must be put into consideration. Every skin reacts differently to the product you use.
Your type of skin can be identified by the amount of sebum your skin produces, the sebum produced determines the rate at which your skin loses water to dehydration through your skin, and the amount of oil also being produced by your skin too.
When your skin produces oil in excess it makes it prone to breakouts such as acne, pimples, blackheads, cysts, whiteheads, papules, and nodules.
There are five major common different types of skin which are
- Normal skin
- Oily skin
- Dry skin
- Combination skin
- Sensitive skin
How to know what skin type you belong to
To determine your type of skin , you can try out these easy tricks. Wash your face and then wait for an hour without applying any skincare products on your face and after an hour examine your skin to know which of the different skin types you fall in.
Normal skin type
The normal skin produces a lesser amount of oil and retains the right amount of water. This type of skin does not feel too dry. It is smooth to touch and has lesser and reduced amounts of pores. People who have this type of skin type tend to have lesser skin breakouts and acne due to the moderate amount of oil produced by their skin.
How to take care of the normal skin
- Ensure that you stay hydrated always by drinking enough water. This helps in preventing your skin from drying up.
- Always wear sunscreen to avoid sunburns from direct exposure to sunlight. The overexposure of your skin to the sun’s ultraviolet rays damages the skin.
- Always keep your skin well moisturized. Moisturizing tricks your skin to stop producing sebum in excess because it has enough moisture content in it.
- Ensure you wash your face clean of all makeup products before bedtime. This will help reduce the amount of oil, dirt, bacteria, and clogged pores
Oily skin type
The oily skin produces a greater amount of oils due to enlarging pore size. This type of skin type tends to appear more shiny and oily due to the overproduction of sebum. When stressed out this face type appears to be more oily especially in the T-zone. People having this type of skin often experience lots of breakouts such as pimples, boils, blackheads, whiteheads, and acne.
How to take care of the oily skin
- Always keep your skin well moisturized. This tricks your skin to stop producing sebum in excess because it has enough moisture content in it.
- Stay hydrated by drinking enough water to avoid your skin drying up.
- Ensure to wash your face properly to reduce build-ups and clogged pores. Don’t be too tempted to wash your face too frequently as it might increase the oil production on your skin.
Dry skin type
Dry skins are prone to flaking and color discolorations, this is due to the production of sebum. This type of skin feels tight, rough, and very dry to touch. People with this type of skin need to moisturize frequently to avoid excessive dehydration.
How to take care of the dry skin
- Always keep your skin well moisturized.
- Stay hydrated by drinking enough water.
- Use sunscreen to prevent your skin from being too dehydrated.
Combination skin type
The combination skin tends to be oily in some areas and dry in other areas. In combination skin, it is very common to have the T-region be very oily (such as the forehead, bridge of the nose, and chin), while the cheek area tends to be very dry. The pores in the oily areas tend to be more enlarged than the others. The oily region tends to be prone to blackheads, white heads, and acne breakouts.
How to take care of the Combination skin
- Use face cleansers to help remove oil buildups on your pores.
- Wear sunscreens to protect the skin from damage from the sun.
- Use oil-free products. Mattifying products are highly recommended, they help close up and make your pores appear smaller.
Some people generally have sensitive skin types. Some people’s skin is sensitive as a result of allergies from food, environment, and most times skincare products being used. This type is considered to be one of the most difficult types of skin because it might take a longer time to find the right type of products for your different skin . Sometimes this skin might manifest symptoms such as redness, OR burning sensation when some products are applied to the skin.
How to take care of the sensitive skin
- Do not overdo your skincare routine. Use skincare products that are good for your skin.
- Use products that are hypoallergenic on your skin
- Always conduct a patch test on your face to know if your skin will react to the product or not.