Insomnia; Its Causes and the associated Symptoms

Insomnia is a type of sleep disorder. It is evident In people when they find it difficult to fall asleep, to stay asleep, or in both cases.

This causes one to wake up too early and not be able to get back to sleep.

When someone with this disorder wakes up they do not feel refreshed. They always show a gloomy and tired look. This can lead to fatigue and other associated symptoms.

Insomnia saps the bodys energy level, changes mood as well as health, work performance and quality of life.

It could be a short term or long term version. The short term is referred to as acute insomnia which is seen to last for days or weeks. While the long term also referred to as chronic insomnia lasts for months.

I will be discussing the symptoms and causes of insomnia in this article.

Symptoms of insomnia

1 Difficulty falling asleep at night

2 Waking up during the night

3 Waking up too early

4 Not feeling well-rested after a night’s sleep

5 Daytime tiredness or sleepiness and fatigue.

6 Irritability, depression or anxiety

7 Difficulty in concentrating on daily tasks as well as remembering things.

8 Mood change



Causes of insomnia


1 Stress
 Too much deep thoughts on some daily activities such as work, school, health contributes to stress.

Likewise, thoughts on finances or family life can keep your mind active at night, making it difficult to sleep.


2 Travel or work schedule

This is often seen in people traveling multiple time zones different from your local base.
It is also seen in people whose work schedule has to do with changing of shifts and those working late.

3 Eating too much late in the evening

Having a lot to eat late in the evening can cause a lot discomfort thereby depriving you of quality sleep.
This is because it leads to constiparion, indigestion and heartburn.
Taking something light for dinner is essential for ease and comfortability.

4 Poor sleep habits

This includes irregular bedtime schedule and naps. Noisy and uncomfortable environment also accounts for poor sleep as it causes disturbances.


5 Medical conditions

Cancer, diabetes, heart disease, asthma and Parkinson’s disease are some of the medical conditions linked to insomnia.


6 Medications

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Most prescription drugs can interfere with sleep, such as certain antidepressants and medications for asthma or blood pressure.

Many over the counter medications such as some pain medications, allergy and cold medications contains caffeine. It also contains other stimulants which can disrupt sleep.

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