Stress is a normal reaction the body has when changes occur, resulting in physical, emotional and intellectual responses. It can come from any event or thought that makes you feel frustrated, angry, or nervous.Stress is your body’s reaction to a challenge or demand. In short bursts, stress can be positive, such as when it helps you avoid danger or meet a deadline. But when stress lasts for a long time, it may harm your health.When you experience changes or challenges (stressors), your body produces physical and mental responses. That’s stress.
Stress causes the body to release the hormone cortisol, which is produced by the adrenal glands. Cortisol is important to blood pressure regulation and the normal functioning of several body systems including cardiovascular, circulatory, and male reproduction. Excess amounts of cortisol can affect the normal biochemical functioning of the reproductive system.
A stressor is a chemical or biological agent, environmental condition, external stimulus or an event that causes stress to an organism. Stressors have physical, chemical and mental responses inside of the body. Physical stressor produce mechanical stresses on skin, bones, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves that cause tissue deformation and in extreme cases tissue failure. Chemical stresses also produce biomechanical responses associated with metabolism and tissue repair. Physical stressors may produce pain and impair work performance. Chronic pain and impairment requiring medical attention may result from extreme physical stressor or if there is not sufficient recovery time between successive exposures.
Causes of stress
Event such as family bereavement, sudden disrupture,traumatic stress such as severe accident , environmental disaster, or an assault.
Types of stress
Is a sudden short term stress, it is a common form of stress in human,it happens when pressure is being mounted on someone or when one face a pressing upcoming challenges in the near future. Example is when a person feels stressed about a deadline or an argument
Acute stress are new, sudden and a clear solution is gotten almost immediately in most cases. People get possible ways to get out of the situation when in distress.
This is a persistent over a long period of time type of stress which is quite harmful. Signs of chronic stress include feeling hopeless, lost , agitated or when in anger.
Example is Loss of loved ones, traumatic experience, dysfunctional family.
Chronic stress occurs when a person feels there is no way or solution to avoid the stressor.
Health problems caused by chronic stress include
High blood pressure
Depression and anxiety
Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Chronic stress in extreme cases can also lead to sucide or violent actions.
STRESS COPING MECHANISM
- Identify the stressor
This means find the source of the stress look closely at your attitude, habits,control your stress level, find the role you play in creating and maintaining the stress.
- Practice the four A’s of stress management;
Avoid – avoid people and things that stress you out, know your limits, drop tasks that are not necessary, take control of your environment and avoid things that stress you out.
Alter- when situation cannot be avoided ,try to alter it be willing to compromise , express your feelings, create a balance schedule between work and social life.
Adapt- when situation cannot be changed then you adapt to the stressful situation and take control of your stressor, expect less , view stressful situations from another point, appreciate the positive things rather than focusing on the negative part.
Accept the things you can’t change, stressors like loss of a loved ones, serious illness cannot be avoided acceptance is the only way out.
3.Move past your problems
Moving past your problems can involve
Sharing your feelings
Learn to forgive
Make time for social activities
Manage your time
Do something you enjoy